Data beco­me goods and con­ti­nue to gain in value. The topic of the last “Point of View” leads us on to ano­t­her core topic that is being dis­cus­sed inten­se­ly among the mem­bers of the Indus­tri­al Data Space Asso­cia­ti­on: Who owns which data? Who is allo­wed to access which data? And who isn’t? And: How can we use and share the data pro­fi­ta­b­ly? Com­pa­nies ought to be loo­king into the­se ques­ti­ons today as they con­ti­nue along the road to digi­ta­li­sa­ti­on.
Not only are com­pa­nies alrea­dy dealing with the theo­ry behind this topic, they are also invol­ved in the prac­ti­cal aspects. Yet at the same time, a lack of know­ledge and uncer­tain­ty still pre­vail when it comes to data use and digi­ta­li­sa­ti­on. “For examp­le, many see cloud com­pu­ting as the only way to achie­ve digi­ta­li­sa­ti­on", says Lau­rent Schül­ler of Cybus GmbH, mem­ber of the Indus­tri­al Data Space Asso­cia­ti­on sin­ce July. Howe­ver, cer­tain risks are also con­nec­ted with this. The data that are to trans­fer­red to a cloud and shared with other users might be bey­ond the reach of the com­pa­ny at some point." This sort of risk is spe­ci­fi­cal­ly and effec­tively avoided with Indus­tri­al Data Space – it also offers a sen­si­ble addi­ti­on to cloud com­pu­ting and a net­work for the exchan­ge of sen­si­ti­ve data.
Com­pa­nies gene­ral­ly retain con­trol over their own data in Indus­tri­al Data Space. Joint­ly deter­mi­ned data gover­nan­ce regu­la­ti­ons pre­cise­ly defi­ne the rights of use and access. Data beco­mes local wit­hin Indus­tri­al Data Space, it is pro­ces­sed to a pre­de­ter­mi­ned degree and wit­hin a pre­cise­ly defi­ned peri­od while it is still com­ple­te­ly in the data owner’s hands and befo­re it is con­nec­ted with the “out­side world”. Indi­vi­du­al agree­ments and regu­la­ti­ons bet­ween data owners and data users are requi­red here: after all, each com­pa­ny is dif­fe­rent, has dif­fe­rent pro­ces­ses, machi­nes, data and objec­ti­ves. A com­mon gui­de­li­ne pro­vi­ding ori­en­ta­ti­on for ever­y­bo­dy can shor­ten that pro­cess. That is why the Indus­tri­al Data Space Asso­cia­ti­on has set its­elf the objec­ti­ve of fin­ding and shaping a com­mon data gover­nan­ce stan­dard.
Fin­ding com­mon basic con­di­ti­ons is the­re­fo­re one of the core tasks of the Indus­tri­al Data Space Asso­cia­ti­on. Only with clear­ly defi­ned data gover­nan­ce rules and pro­ces­ses is it pos­si­ble to use and main­tain data as a com­pa­ny asset. “It is important to cla­ri­fy the topic of sov­er­eign and secu­re data exchan­ge and to crea­te a basis of trust", exp­lains Lars Nagel. “The Indus­tri­al Data Space Asso­cia­ti­on offers a plat­form for com­pa­nies to face each other at eye level, to exchan­ge ide­as and to find a com­mon, stan­dar­di­sed solu­ti­on."