It takes more than a cloud to turn data into a data eco­no­my. Com­pa­nies have to be able to share their data in ways that they con­trol. GAIA‑X is deli­vering the infra­st­ruc­tu­re that enab­les that secu­re, trust­worthy data-sharing and moni­tors com­pli­an­ce. The Inter­na­tio­nal Data Spaces (IDS) stan­dard, which enab­les open, trans­pa­rent and self-deter­mi­ned data exchan­ge, is a cen­tral ele­ment of the Gaia‑X archi­tec­tu­re.

An Infrastructure for Data Exchange

Gaia‑X is a Euro­pean beacon pro­ject that will con­nect exis­ting cloud ser­vices to crea­te a fede­r­a­ted digi­tal infra­st­ruc­tu­re for Euro­pe. This will let com­pa­nies store their data tem­pora­ri­ly on cen­tral plat­forms for a varie­ty of busi­ness-cri­ti­cal uses.

A cru­cial pie­ce of this is to ensu­re data sov­er­eig­n­ty and interoperability—a shared goal of GAIA‑X and IDSA, which is why IDSA con­cepts are an inte­gral ele­ment of the GAIA‑X archi­tec­tu­re.

The IDSA has been working on the con­cept and design princi­ples for data spaces sin­ce 2016. As a lea­der in this field, IDSA is con­tri­bu­ting its know­ledge to Gaia‑X. IDSA has been very acti­ve in GAIA‑X from day one and is a foun­ding mem­ber of the GAIA‑X AISBL, the initiative's not-for-pro­fit asso­cia­ti­on.

IDSA and the Federated Services of Gaia‑X

GAIA‑X and the IDS initia­ti­ve tog­e­ther make it pos­si­ble for com­pa­nies to achie­ve self-deter­mi­ned con­trol over their data, whe­ther that data is in sto­rage or cur­r­ent­ly in use.

The GAIA‑X AISBL is deve­lo­ping fede­r­a­ted ser­vices as the basis for an inter­ope­ra­ble data infra­st­ruc­tu­re for Euro­pe, based on com­mon stan­dards for trans­pa­ren­cy, inter­ope­ra­bi­li­ty and trust­wort­hi­ness.

The IDS stan­dard is the blue­print for data exchan­ge its­elf, based on Euro­pean values, such as data pro­tec­tion and secu­ri­ty, equal oppor­tu­nities through a federal design and the gua­ran­tee of data sov­er­eig­n­ty for the creator of the data and trust bet­ween par­ti­ci­pants.

GAIA‑X' imple­men­ta­ti­on and suc­cess depend on having the IDS stan­dard as a mar­ket-rea­dy star­ting point, and for­tu­n­a­te­ly, IDSA enjoys a five-year deve­lo­p­ment lead to acce­le­ra­te the time­li­ne.

IDS Standard as Access Code for the Futere of Data

The IDS stan­dard defi­nes how pro­tec­ted data spaces can be set up and how the access points to such a data space must be desi­gned. In this way IDS gua­ran­tees data secu­ri­ty for all par­ties invol­ved in the exchan­ge of sen­si­ti­ve and valu­able data sets, ensu­res a level play­ing field and enfor­ces data sov­er­eig­n­ty with tech­ni­cal mea­su­res. It's the access code unlo­cking a new eco­no­my in which data can be used for new pro­ducts, ser­vices and effi­ci­en­ci­es, safe­ly and secu­re­ly.

It's also a major con­tri­bu­tor to the suc­cess of GAIA‑X, which gets all the bene­fit of five years of our mem­bers work on exis­ting IDS con­cepts, the IDS stan­dard and the know­ledge trans­fer from deve­lo­ping the refe­rence archi­tec­tu­re.

Gaia‑X Use Cases Powe­red by IDS

The busi­ness community’s par­ti­ci­pa­ti­on is essen­ti­al for the suc­cess­ful imple­men­ta­ti­on of GAIA‑X. More than 40 use cases from dif­fe­rent domains have alrea­dy been sub­mit­ted to the pro­ject to show the poten­ti­al of the Euro­pean data infra­st­ruc­tu­re. A lot of them have IDS insi­de. Some remar­kab­le examp­les:

Sup­ply Chain Col­la­bo­ra­ti­on in a Con­nec­ted Indus­try
by Ger­man Edge Cloud

The idea is to keep cri­ti­cal data in the hands of the com­pa­ny, while pro­vi­ding the data requi­red for col­la­bo­ra­ti­on with sup­pliers. This is made pos­si­ble by a hybrid solu­ti­on – the company's own edge cloud data cen­ter and a net­wor­ked in a cloud sys­tem.

Mobi­li­ty – Data Inter­ope­ra­bi­li­ty and Data Sov­er­eig­n­ty
by T‑Systems

This use-case focu­ses on inter­mo­dal mobi­li­ty to help relie­ve traf­fic con­ges­ti­on in urban are­as and shows that the IDS stan­dard can also pro­tect the data of end users. Inter­mo­dal mobi­li­ty com­bi­nes alter­na­ti­ve means of trans­port and vehi­cle poo­ling. Howe­ver, it requi­res the abi­li­ty to access and share busi­ness and end-user data. The IDS stan­dard ensu­res that data can be exch­an­ged in a way that gua­ran­tees the data sov­er­eig­n­ty of the data owners.

Shared Pro­duc­tion: Cross-Fac­to­ry and Cross-Com­pa­ny Pro­duc­tion as a Show­ca­se
by Smart­Fac­to­ryKL, Ger­man Edge Cloud, IBM, TNO

The idea here is to crea­te ad hoc value-added net­works that revo­lu­tio­ni­ze value chains. The use case shows data-dri­ven net­wor­king along the value chain and con­ti­nuous access to data and machi­nes for pro­duc­tion across fac­to­ries and com­pa­nies. The access point to such a net­work is the IDS con­nec­tor.

This posi­ti­on paper, crea­ted under the direc­tion of Pro­fes­sor Boris Otto, Fraun­ho­fer ISST, demons­tra­tes how ele­ments of the Inter­na­tio­nal Data Spaces Refe­rence Archi­tec­tu­re Model fit to the GAIA‑X princi­ples and archi­tec­tu­ral ele­ments:

IDSA Port­fo­lio Day

On Janu­a­ry 28, 2021, we will have our first IDSA Port­fo­lio Day. We will intro­du­ce all ser­vices and com­pon­ents that are cru­cial to set­ting up a trust­worthy and secu­re data eco­sys­tem and deri­ving eco­no­mic value from it and pre­sent use cases with IDS insi­de – also tho­se who are part of GAIA‑X.

Ever­yo­ne is invi­ted. To regis­ter, click here!