It takes more than a cloud to turn data into a data economy. Companies have to be able to share their data in ways that they control. GAIA‑X is delivering the infrastructure that enables that secure, trustworthy data-sharing and monitors compliance. The International Data Spaces (IDS) standard, which enables open, transparent and self-determined data exchange, is a central element of the Gaia‑X architecture.
An Infrastructure for Data Exchange
Gaia‑X is a European beacon project that will connect existing cloud services to create a federated digital infrastructure for Europe. This will let companies store their data temporarily on central platforms for a variety of business-critical uses.
A crucial piece of this is to ensure data sovereignty and interoperability—a shared goal of GAIA‑X and IDSA, which is why IDSA concepts are an integral element of the GAIA‑X architecture.
The IDSA has been working on the concept and design principles for data spaces since 2016. As a leader in this field, IDSA is contributing its knowledge to Gaia‑X. IDSA has been very active in GAIA‑X from day one and is a founding member of the GAIA‑X AISBL, the initiative's not-for-profit association.
IDSA and the Federated Services of Gaia‑X
GAIA‑X and the IDS initiative together make it possible for companies to achieve self-determined control over their data, whether that data is in storage or currently in use.
The GAIA‑X AISBL is developing federated services as the basis for an interoperable data infrastructure for Europe, based on common standards for transparency, interoperability and trustworthiness.
The IDS standard is the blueprint for data exchange itself, based on European values, such as data protection and security, equal opportunities through a federal design and the guarantee of data sovereignty for the creator of the data and trust between participants.
GAIA‑X' implementation and success depend on having the IDS standard as a market-ready starting point, and fortunately, IDSA enjoys a five-year development lead to accelerate the timeline.
IDS Standard as Access Code for the Futere of Data
The IDS standard defines how protected data spaces can be set up and how the access points to such a data space must be designed. In this way IDS guarantees data security for all parties involved in the exchange of sensitive and valuable data sets, ensures a level playing field and enforces data sovereignty with technical measures. It's the access code unlocking a new economy in which data can be used for new products, services and efficiencies, safely and securely.
It's also a major contributor to the success of GAIA‑X, which gets all the benefit of five years of our members work on existing IDS concepts, the IDS standard and the knowledge transfer from developing the reference architecture.
Gaia‑X Use Cases Powered by IDS
The business community’s participation is essential for the successful implementation of GAIA‑X. More than 40 use cases from different domains have already been submitted to the project to show the potential of the European data infrastructure. A lot of them have IDS inside. Some remarkable examples:
Supply Chain Collaboration in a Connected Industry by German Edge Cloud
The idea is to keep critical data in the hands of the company, while providing the data required for collaboration with suppliers. This is made possible by a hybrid solution – the company's own edge cloud data center and a networked in a cloud system.
Mobility – Data Interoperability and Data Sovereignty by T‑Systems
This use-case focuses on intermodal mobility to help relieve traffic congestion in urban areas and shows that the IDS standard can also protect the data of end users. Intermodal mobility combines alternative means of transport and vehicle pooling. However, it requires the ability to access and share business and end-user data. The IDS standard ensures that data can be exchanged in a way that guarantees the data sovereignty of the data owners.
Shared Production: Cross-Factory and Cross-Company Production as a Showcase by SmartFactoryKL, German Edge Cloud, IBM, TNO
The idea here is to create ad hoc value-added networks that revolutionize value chains. The use case shows data-driven networking along the value chain and continuous access to data and machines for production across factories and companies. The access point to such a network is the IDS connector.
This position paper, created under the direction of Professor Boris Otto, Fraunhofer ISST, demonstrates how elements of the International Data Spaces Reference Architecture Model fit to the GAIA‑X principles and architectural elements:
IDSA Portfolio Day
On January 28, 2021, we will have our first IDSA Portfolio Day. We will introduce all services and components that are crucial to setting up a trustworthy and secure data ecosystem and deriving economic value from it and present use cases with IDS inside – also those who are part of GAIA‑X.